How many devices do you have within reach right this minute?
How many screens? How many apps and tabs are open on each screen? Is one of them a TV? An e-book? A smartphone or tablet? Which ones are you paying the most attention to? How long does that attention last, and what causes you to switch channels -- or devices?
As consumers flit like hummingbirds between a plethora of devices, screens, and messages simultaneously, even private space is invaded with as many messages as a virtual Times Square. How can marketers and publishers harness attention when it's so fleeting? What causes distractions? How do customers determine which channel they'll use for what information -- a search engine? A social network? SoLoMo?
What influences the journey, and how do experiences across channels and devices shift -- or remain consistent?
These are the questions the bulk of my research will attempt to answer in the coming months, so it was interesting to see a report publish this week that also examines the dynamic customer journey. The survey, published by PulsePoint, terms the phenomenon the "digital divide." That term traditionally refers to digital technology haves and have-nots, generally divided by socio-economic lines. The survey reframes "digital divide" to refer to the rift "between consumers engaging in real-time across channels, versus the digital marketing industry that is still largely siloed and not executing in real-time."
PulsePoint's survey places a great deal of emphasis on the need for improved real-time marketing capabilities to address the dynamic customer journey (i.e., real-time data and analytics, dynamic content delivery systems, and the ability to make faster decisions and take immediate action). Always-on has never felt so "always," or so "on."
Image sourced from PulsePoint Digital Divide.
But real-time, while critical to addressing the dynamic customer journey, is far from the only element that must be mastered in terms of technology, ability, and best practices.
The growing complexity of digital advertising, marketing, and publishing has led to increased vertical "siloization" and channel specialization. Customers expect integration and consistency as they pursue content across multiple channels and devices, but cross- and multichannel integration is not yet one of those areas boasting its own specialists. These specialists will doubtless soon be required, and they will have to be vested with considerable power to bring disparate players to the table and encourage them to cooperate.
A changing media landscape is a major factor in the dynamic customer journey. Together with my research partner Jeremiah Owyang, I'm currently looking , at how paid, earned, and owned media are conflating. Customer reviews and community posts are incorporated into ad units -- both examples of earned media becoming paid media. Ads become content in online channels, particularly campaigns with high viral or entertainment value. Facebook wall posts (owned media) morph into paid ad units.
As fluidly as consumers switch screens, so does content flit between paid, earned, and owned channels. Do consumers differentiate between these channels? We believe less and less, if at all. In the end, content is what matters because content is, after all, what these dynamic, fast-moving consumers are pursuing.
How can marketers influence these journeys? Through users' social graphs, via experts, commercial media, or their own owned channels?
That's what we're trying to uncover.
Rebecca Lieb is an analyst, digital advertising/media, for Altimeter Group.
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"Handsome businessman in tailor seat juggling," "Tablet PC," "Black stylish glossy widescreen," "Touchscreen smartphone," and "Old textured paper with sunburst" images via Shutterstock.